EZI English / Hojunara English

Archive for July 2009


Wow….. this is such a commonly asked question. And boy can it be confusing. But with practice, these things become (mostly) automatic.

That said, these will take LOTS of practice, so hope this helps:

1 – We use a or an the first time we mention something. When we mention it again, we use the.

eg. I saw a beautiful vase in an antique shop a few days ago. When I went back to the shop yesterday the vase wasn’t there any more!

2 – We do not use the:

a) when we talk about people or things in general eg. Dogs make very good pets.

b) with the names of people and countries eg. American people eat a lot of fast food.

c) with many place names

eg. Continents – Asia, Africa Countries – South Korea, Australia Cities – Seoul, Sydney Lakes – Lake Griffin Mountains – Mount Fuji

Roads/Streets – Oxford Street Island – Jeju Island, Hamilton Island

3 – We use the:

a) with some place names:

eg. Oceans and seas the Pacific Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea Rivers – the River Danube, the Nile River Mountain ranges – the Himalayas, the Alps

Countries which are republics or unions – the United Kingdom (the UK), the United Arab Emirates (the UAE) Regions the Middle East

b) with superlatives eg. the longest river in the world

c) when there is only one of something eg. the Sun, the Earth, the Moon, the sky, the Pope

4) Other phrases with the:

at the bottom, at the top / in the east, in the west, in the south, in the north / in the centre, in the middle / in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening / on the left, on the right / on the coast, on the border

5) Other phrases without the:

at home, at school, at university, at work / at night / in bed, in hospital, in jail / on holiday



TODAY: article and audio


Welcome to class Kelly, Eddie and Kazuki – I hope I can help you to get your IELTS scores or impress your parents when you return home 🙂

Today we discussed ways to learn English, focusing particularly on when you’re not in the classroom

Some of our suggestions were:

– meet English speaking friends (usually flatmates and their friends)

– watch English TV or a movie from your native country with English subtitles

– read / speak / listen MORE! As simple as this seems, so few of us do it!

It was interesting to rank the four basic elements of the English language – speaking, reading, writing, and listening

Eddie and Kazuki agreed on a similar list, with listening being number one. Kazuki made the good point that if we can’t listen, then we can’t really have an effective conversation. Yep, pretty much.

Kelly chose to put it in the perspective of IELTS and selected her weaknesses, speaking and writing, as most important. Another very good point.

Finally, we discussed how good our memories are – Eddie has trouble remembering his age sometimes (!!) whilst Kelly’s short-term memory is fantastic, and Kazuki’s memory is not too bad. Although, keep partying like it sounds you have been and I’m not so sure!

Versace and Muppet


Firstly, a big welcome to Yosuke!

In class we discussed whether you would drink from the fountain of youth (see link above) or not?

Moa and Helen said they would not. They would prefer to get older as this is the law of nature.

Yosuke and CJ said they would drink from the fountain. And I thought women were the ones who cared about their looks!


CJ also mentioned Chinese philosopher Confucius in relation to our discussion on ‘social responsibility’

Confucius was a Chinese thinker and philosopher whose teachings have greatly influenced Korean, Vietnamese, Chinese, Japanese and Taiwanese society.

and here’s a song from Aussie group Youth Group – ‘Forever Young’ + lyrics

Helen mentioned this in class on Monday – Australian paralympian (disabled Olympic athlete) Gerrard Gosens dancing on Channel 7’s TV show ‘Dancing With the Stars’.

He’s blind! That’s just amazing:)


Posted on: July 20, 2009

royal flying doctor

We also discussed icons today in class. An icon is something or someone of great, enduring importance.

This is why, above, there’s a picture of the Royal Flying Doctor Service, a medical service famous in Australia for reaching rural communities since the late 1920s. They were one of the first flying medical services, used radio, the technology of the time and have since had movies and TV shows made about them. They added the ‘Royal’ in the1940s at the Queen’s permission.

I mentioned Crocodile Dundee as being iconically Australian, here’s a link

What about Korean icons? You suggested:

Former President, Kim Dae-jung, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his communication with North Korea

Former President, Kim Dae-jung, who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his communication with North Korea


Nam San Tower - I'm now told it's called Seoul Tower, but this massive lookout atop the mountains behind Seoul is famous across the country

Nam San Tower - I'm now told it's called Seoul Tower, but this massive lookout atop the mountains behind Seoul is famous across the country


TODAY: article

After our trip to Harry’s on Friday it made sense to discuss a big problem facing Australia: obesity.

It’s been reported that Australia is the fattest country in the world, and perhaps with our love for meat pies, chicken and chips, sausage rolls, and our desire to watch sport rather than play it, is a reason for all the obese people here.

Get this: more than 7.5 million Australians are estimated to be overweight or obese! There’s only 22 million of us here, meaning that’s nearly 33% of Australia. Crikey.

So, how active are people in your country? Do you see a lot of overweight people? Why is this? What role does technology play in weight gain? And how much exercise do you do?

Wall Street


TODAY: article (thanks to www.breakingnewsenglish.com) and audio

Today in class we discussed the differences between city and country living. In particular, people’s attitudes in the city versus their attitude in the country.

We compared the two pictures above – what are the differences between them? Their clothing? Their actions? What is different about the two backgrounds? How do you feel when you look at the two pictures?

We decided that country life is more peaceful and that city life is more convenient. According to Helen, country people also eat insects and frogs.

frog legs

MMMMMMM, delicious!

Below is John Molony, the mayor of Australian mining town Mt. Isa. If you read the article you’ll realise why I’ve put a photo of him and that some Australian attitudes in the country are a bit old-fashioned. That said, they’re old fashioned in the city too. I can’t beat up on the country too much 😉

john molony

The article also mentions first dates – what do you think is a good first date? We’ll find out in class!

RSS Hojunara English

  • What ages/birthdays are important in your culture?
    Following on from the previous lesson, we talked about the best party you’ve ever been to Jason told us about a house party he went to last weekend and touched on an interesting point – parties in Australia are very different to those in South Korea In South Korea parties are usually at a restaurant or […]
  • What makes a good party?
    TODAY: article and audio THIS TOPIC HAS ALSO BEEN DISCUSSED HERE Jason set the tone for today’s lesson by telling us about a party he went to on the weekend where a stripper had been hired – lucky your girlfriend wasn’t there! We then watched the video below of Corey Worthington, who became famous in […]
  • Tourist Habits revisited
    THIS HAS ALSO BEEN DISCUSSED BY ANOTHER CLASS HERE TODAY: article and audio So what are tourists, in this case, Korean tourists, like? Are they clean or messy? Stylish or unstylish? Polite or rude? Do they try to speak the local language and try the local cuisine (local food)? Jason thought that Koreans were messy/untidy […]
  • Parenting – how would you teach your children?
    TODAY: article and audio We’ve discussed what we would like to teach our children, but how would we like our children taught? We outlined private schools, public schools, religion-based schools and home-schooling. Included in this are same-sex/single sex and ‘co-ed’ (boys and girls) schools. What type of school do you attend? Did/Does a same-sex school […] […]
  • Parenting – what would you teach your children?
    For homework we were asked ‘what two things would you teach your children?’ So, what are the two most important things you would teach them? Yosuke suggested teaching manners and encouraging them to be sociable. After all, it’s not what you know, but who you know! Kyoung Suk suggested something slightly different: diligence and love. […]
  • Parenting: how would you discipline your child?
    TODAY: audio and article It seems like people are always complaining about how different today’s youth/Generation Y are. The world is changing and so are our children, yet many parts of society are not changing with them. In Britain this has become a big problem – so much that British schools are thinking of fining […]
  • Free hugs and $1 kisses
    TODAY: audio and article Yes, it was Tamami’s last day, but we ended the week on a positive – free hugs and $1 kisses. Not to mention Jason and his girlfriend celebrated their 500 day anniversary. Congratulations! It began with us discussing how to show emotion in your country. In Korea and Japan we all […]
  • What?! Homeless people make more than we do??
    TODAY: audio and article Yes, it’s true. Homeless man Ken Johnson earns up to $400 a day, just sitting outside Myer about a block from here. That’s potentially $2000 a week. Even on a bad day he reckons he will make $175 – $220. That’s a good day for just about any of our students! […]
  • PLACES TO VISIT – Bertoni Casalinga and Uchi Lounge
    Tamami can’t stop talking about this place, so I thought I might as well mention Bertoni Casalinga , which serves a heap of delicious Italian food on Kent St in the CBD. I’ll have to try one of those paninis Tamomi 🙂 Uchi Lounge happens to be where one of our students Kazuki works. Apparently […]
  • Is class an issue in Australia?
    THIS TOPIC HAS ALSO BEEN DISCUSSED HERE Article and Audio With Andrew and Hans on Friday night we looked into the attitudes Australian’s adopt when they’re overseas. Click the link above for a more in depth look at a discussion of Australian stereotypes including ‘bogans’ and ‘mullets’ – that’s a fine example in the picture […]